Core Indicators

FP2020 uses a suite of quantitative metrics—Core Indicators—to monitor progress annually across focus countries.

  • Estimates derived through modeling
  • Estimates based on surveys and routine data





FP2020 Focus Countries

Family Planning 2020 aims to expand access to family planning information, services, and supplies to an additional 120 million women and girls in 69 of the world’s poorest countries by 2020.



As a time-bound initiative with an ambitious goal, FP2020 is committed to measuring progress since the 2012 London Summit. FP2020’s measurement and learning agenda and the efforts of FP2020 partners to annually measure progress are transforming the monitoring of family planning data. FP2020 aims to improve the infrastructure and capacity for generating more frequent, high quality data for decision making.


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The FP2020 annual progress report reflects countless efforts at multiple levels: from the women agreeing to respond to questionnaires, to the country-level technical working groups monitoring progress, to the global-level efforts to align indicators and measures across surveys. The results of these efforts are FP2020’s annual comparable estimates on different dimensions of family planning across the 69 focus countries: the 18 FP2020 Core Indicators.

The FP2020 Core Indicators were selected by the FP2020 Performance Monitoring & Evidence (PME) Working Group as critical for helping family planning stakeholders assess progress and the impact of FP2020 efforts. With training and technical support from Track20, commitment-making countries produce comparable estimates for the Core Indicators through a network of country-based Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) officers housed in government institutions. In annual data consensus workshops, country experts review their Core Indicators and other pertinent national and subnational data to shed light on where gains are being made, where efforts should be reinforced, where investments will have the most impact, and where more data and information are needed. Once estimates have been produced, Track20 and the FP2020 Secretariat’s Data & Performance Management team analyze the Core Indicator data and draft the Measurement section of the FP2020 Progress Report, with feedback and input from the FP2020 PME Working Group.


This year FP2020 added an indicator to its suite of core indicators. Core Indicator 18 measures rates of contraceptive discontinuation (18a) and contraceptive method switching (18b). The addition of this indicator marks the culmination of FP2020’s efforts over the past few years to highlight the importance of measuring and better understanding how often and why women stop using contraceptives, or switch from one method to another. This understanding is critical to addressing discontinuation—particularly for women who discontinue despite being in need of contraception—and enabling women to switch to more suitable methods if they choose.

The process of annually producing, reviewing, building consensus, and reporting at national and global levels is one of the true successes of the FP2020 partnership, and is helping countries, donors, and civil society organizations better use the wealth of family planning data that exists for program decisions and investments. At the same time, this process is identifying data gaps and the need for continued improvements in data systems and measurement. The FP2020 PME Working Group is at the forefront of these efforts, helping to harmonize measurement of key indicators among partners, surveys, and platforms. This includes reporting all-women estimates of modern contraceptive prevalence, adopting the RHSC’s universal stock-outs indicator, and working toward improved estimates of donor and domestic government expenditures on family planning.

Our aim is that the FP2020 Core Indicators and data in this report will spark productive conversations about what needs to be done differently, highlight what we are still struggling to measure, and inspire action that accelerates progress toward FP2020 goals, the Every Woman Every Child Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health, and ultimately the Sustainable Development Goals.


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The FP2020 Core Indicators cover various aspects of family planning, and the selected indicators are based on a results framework that aims to measure aspects of the enabling environment for family planning, the process of delivering services, the output of those services, expected outcomes, and the impact of contraceptive use. Together, this complementary and interrelated set of indicators provides the basis for holistic monitoring of family planning progress to ensure that individuals’ needs are met and rights are respected. Additional information on the methodologies used to produce estimates for the FP2020 Core Indicators is provided at the end of the Measurement Section, as well as on the FP2020 and Track20 websites. Subsequent chapters of this section present analyses of the Core Indicators, drawing on the latest estimates. The final section of the report features tables with estimates for the 18 Core Indicators. These estimates are also available and downloadable online, in the digital version of the progress report.