To transform a country’s ambitious FP2020 commitments into concrete programs and policies, the costed implementation plan (CIP) is an indispensable tool.

The CIP is a multi-year roadmap for the country’s family planning strategy, with measurable goals and realistic costed budgets. A well-constructed CIP takes the guesswork out of developing a family planning program: it identifies what’s feasible, what goals are attainable, and what resources will be required to achieve those goals. It outlines all the steps needed to design and implement a successful program, from securing financing (domestic, partner, and donor) to setting up an effective monitoring and evaluation program.


Visit our Costed Implementation Plan microsite at: familyplanning2020.org/CIP


A CIP can help governments:

  • Foster a unified country strategy for family planning: The process of developing a CIP is participatory and consensus-driven, involving broad multi-sectoral engagement. Developing the CIP helps brings key priorities to the surface and rallies stakeholders around the government’s plan.
  • Create a roadmap for implementation: The CIP process ensures that specific objectives are defined and that all necessary activities are planned and sequenced. The roadmap approach provides a logical progression of steps toward meeting the country’s family planning goals.
  • Estimate the impact of interventions: The CIP includes estimates of the demographic, health, and economic impact of achieving family planning goals and commitments. This information can help governments gauge the return on their family planning investments, and position family planning as an investment with impacts beyond the health sector.
  • Develop a budget: The CIP includes detailed costs associated with family planning goals, including commodity costs and program activities. With a clear understanding of costs, governments can mobilize the needed funds.
  • Secure resource commitments: The CIP process can help secure donor and government commitments for the family planning program, identify funding gaps, and strengthen advocacy to ensure adequate funds are raised to effectively implement the plan. (The Global Financing Facility, for example, uses FP2020 CIPs as critical input for preparing country Investment Cases.)
  • Monitor progress: A CIP outlines how to measure and monitor performance, guiding any necessary course corrections.


A growing number of FP2020 countries are using CIPs at the sub-national level. In countries with highly devolved political systems (such as Pakistan and Kenya) or strong federal systems (such as Nigeria), sub-national CIPs are an important tool:

  • In Pakistan, three provinces (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh) already have their own CIPs, and an RRM grant is supporting the development of a CIP in Balochistan.
  • In Kenya, an increasing number of counties are developing their own CIPs. A recent RRM grant to the Kenya Muslim Youth Development Organization supported the development of a CIP in Wajir County.
  • In Nigeria, five of the 36 states have completed and launched their own CIPs. An additional 11 state CIPs are currently in development.

When a country has a family planning CIP in place, the government also has a better handle on what to prioritize in the larger national health plan. Family planning can be incorporated as a cornerstone of development and a contributing element to the country’s overall strategy for reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health.


The use of CIPs for family planning evolved out of the need to unify diverse stakeholders around a shared strategy to achieve family planning goals. Family planning CIPs were pioneered by Tanzania in 2009 and Kenya in 2011, and subsequently adopted as an essential tool by the countries of the Ouagadougou Partnership and FP2020.

FP2020 has led a global effort to develop a standardized approach to crafting CIPs, working in close collaboration with the technical partners who have shaped the field since 2009. The standardized approach presents recommended thematic areas and principles to guide overall CIP development.

All the major elements of a family planning program can be grouped into six thematic areas: financing, enabling environment, social and behavior change, service delivery, supply chain, and monitoring and accountability.


The FP2020 website hosts a wealth of resources to support countries in the process of developing a CIP. The initial FP2020 CIP Resource Kit was launched in 2015 in collaboration with multiple partners, and contains more than 20 guidance documents and tools for planning, developing, and executing a robust, actionable, and resourced family planning strategy.

A new version of the kit has been in development over the past year and will be rolled out in 2018. The CIP Resource Kit 2.0 will include a toolkit on incorporating a rights-based approach, guidance on fostering multi-sectoral coordination, and a resource tracking guide.


A major new component of the CIP Resource Kit 2.0 is the Performance Monitoring Tool, designed to strengthen the accountability framework through a sharper focus on monitoring the CIP. The Performance Monitoring Tool will better enable policymakers and program administrators to monitor, review, and adjust their country’s family planning program over time, ensuring that implementation stays on track and goals are met.

The tool has three components:

  • The CIP Priority Map is a one-page summary of the objectives that are key to achieving each program goal. The priority map depicted below was developed for Mali, based on the Plan d’Action National de Planification Familiale du Mali 2014–2018.
  • The Priority Results Achievement Chart defines the indicators that measure progress on each objective.
  • The CIP Dashboard tracks progress across the indicators and objectives using regularly collected data, such as service statistics and data from Logistic Management Information Systems (LMIS). The illustration below depicts a sample report from the CIP dashboard.

The new Performance Monitoring Tool was field-tested in Malawi and Nigeria over the course of 2017, and will be rolled out along with the updated CIP Resource Kit.